Video of Lecture at Singularity Summit AU 2012:

The unseen side of the visual brain!

James Bourne

The visual system helps us look at the potential for brain regeneration and repair. How the visual brain works unconsciously. Is there potential for the brain to repair itself?

Endogenous neural stem/ precursor cells lead the way.

James Bourne completed his undergraduate degree at Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine, London and his PhD in Neuropharmacology at King’s College, London, before moving to Australia to undertake a Postdoctoral position. In 2003 he was awarded an ARC Australian Postdoctoral Fellowship, then in 2007 an NHMRC RD Wright (CDA II). In the same year he also received an NHMRC Award for Excellence in Health and Medical Research. Dr Bourne now has his own group in the newly established Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute focusing on the development and repair of the mammalian visual cortex; looking at this from the cell through to the system.

Dr Bourne has unique expertise in primate neurobiology. His skills and expertise in primate research will enable him to undertake cross-disciplinary research collaborations within ARMI and beyond and will form an important component of translational research to humans.

“James also has extensive experience in establishing collaborations with the wider scientific community in both Australia and overseas. An early-career researcher, James has been successful in establishing his own research group and attracting independently-funded and international research staff,” Professor Rosenthal said.

Research Themes

The primary focus of the group emerged in the development and maturation of the cerebral cortex of primates and other mammals.

The adult cerebral cortex is formed as a mosaic of interconnected areas, but how the multiple of areas emerge seamlessly during ontogenesis and establish connections with other brain areas has yet to be determined.

In order to address these issues, the laboratory has been focusing on the development of the visual cortex, which includes areas that are responsible for visual perception and visual guidance of behavior.

Understanding the early development of this important region will elucidate mechanisms that are relevant not only for understanding normal brain function, but also for clarifying the functional bases of disturbances of visual perception that emerge as a consequence of perinatal lesions (eg: those associated with premature delivery, complications during labor, childhood accidents), abnormal visual experience in childhood, and neurological diseases.

Also see: http://www.neurorepair.net/

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